Tofu is also known as bean curd. Tofu is a traditional Chinese food, to date, has been two thousand one hundred years of history. Development so far, has complete variety and unique flavor, simple fabrication process, edible facilitate features. Tofu contains high protein and low fat, with lowering blood pressure, reducing blood fat, lowering cholesterol effect. Tofu can be used raw or cooked, which is suitable for for all ages, and is also the health and prolong the life of food. The main raw material of tofu is soy bean, Mung bean, or Peas and so on. In the 1980s, the United States famous “Economic Outlook” magazine even declared: The next decade, the most successful, most market potential is not a car, television or electronic product, but the Chinese tofu.
The nutritional and therapeutic value of Tofu
Tofu is rich in nutrients, containing Iron, Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium and other essential trace elements, it also contains sugar, vegetable oil and rich in quality protein, known as “vegetable meat” reputation. Soybean can be directly consumed after cooking, the digestibility of the protein is only 65%, however, after the soybean made into tofu, digestibility can be raised to 92% to 95%. Two small pieces of tofu, which can satisfy a requirement of calcium a day.
Biological value of protein in soybean can be comparable with the meat and fish, is a leader in the vegetable protein. The protein in soybean is a complete protein and its amino acid composition is relatively balanced, amino acids necessary for human body, it almost have all. Proportion of linoleic acid in soybean oil is larger, and does not contain cholesterol, beneficial to human nerves, blood vessels, brain growth and development.
Modern medicine confirmed that tofu in addition to increase nutrients, help digestion, increase appetite functions, on the teeth, bone growth and development are also quite useful, in hematopoiesis function can increase the content of iron in the blood. Tofu does not contain cholesterol, so it is also a good medicinal food on high blood fat, high cholesterol, and coronary disease and arteriosclerosis, but also is children, weakling and elderly dietary therapy food. Tofu is rich in phytoestrogens, have a good effect on the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Tofu has also inhibit breast cancer, prostate cancer and leukemia function, the steroid sterol and stigmasterol in tofu, is the effective component of the inhibition of cancer.
The precautions of eating Tofu
1.Because the tofu contains more purines, so the metabolism disorders gout patients and elevated serum uric acid concentration patients, should not eat tofu.
2.Although tofu is good, but every time do not eat too much.