Towel gourd is also known as sponge Cucumber, luffa,loofah, sponge gourd, dishcloth gourd or loofah gourd. Towel gourd belongs to the Cucurbitaceae Luffa, is an kind of annual climbing herbaceous plants, is one of the main vegetables in summer, its tender melon can be edible, suitable for cooking, soup. Towel gourd originated in tropical Asia, originating in Indonesia (another one said, originating in India).
Towel gourd contains all kinds of nutrition is higher in the melon food, contains saponin substances, luffein, myxoid stroma, wood glue, citrulline, xylan, interferon and other special materials which have some specific effect. The reticular fibers in mature towel gourd are called loofah sponge which can be used instead of sponge scrubbing stove and furniture, and can also be used as papermaking and artificial silk raw material, and the juice in stem can be used for cosmetics. Towel gourd also can be used for medicinal, have cool and refreshing, diuresis, promoting blood circulation, dredge main and collateral channels, detoxification effect.
The nutritional value of Towel gourd
1.The leaves of towel gourd contain oleanolic acid -3- glucoside, oleanolic acid -28- glucoside, oleanolic acid -3- glucose -28- double glucoside and cucurbitacin B, also contain glutamine, aspartate, arginine, asparagine, lysine, alanine.
2.The fruit of towel gourd contains saponins, luffein, large quantities of mucus and trace citrulline and cucurbitacin B.
3.Loofah sponge in towel gourd contains xylan, mannan, galactan etc..
4.The sap of towel gourd contain saponins, mucus, xylan, fat, protein, Vitamin C, B. Seedlings containing cucurbitacin. The seeds contain fatty oil 23.5 ~ 38.9%, 0.47% glycerol Vinegar (mainly of linoleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid) and phospholipids, squalene, α-spinasterol so on.
The therapeutic value of Towel gourd
1.Towel gourd can prevent skin aging effects, can protect the skin, eliminate plaque, is to make the skin delicate rare beauty to share. The sap of towel gourd vine and stem has both special functions to maintain skin elasticity, but also beauty and removing wrinkles, so towel gourd there are “beauty water” in the title.
2.Towel gourd is beneficial to brain development of children and the aged brain health, but also the loofah extract has obvious prevention effect to Japanese B encephalitis virus.
3.Towel gourd had cough and phlegm, cooling blood and detoxification role. For external use can be used for hemostasis, diminish inflammation, women eat more to help regulate menstruation.
4.The property and flavor of towel gourd vine is bitter and cool-natured, have dredge main and collateral channels, eliminating phlegm cough effect. The property and flavor of loofah sponge is sweet and neutral in nature, have clearing away heat and toxic material, diuresis detumescence effect.
The precautions of eating Towel gourd
1.Within physically weak cold, diarrhea should not eat towel gourd.
2.Towel gourd should not be eaten raw, can be cooked, or make soup.
3.Towel gourd is rich in sap, should be cut to do now, so as to avoid nutrient flow away with juice.
4.Cooking towel gourd should pay attention to try to keep light, can use MSG or pepper to season, so as to display the characteristics of towel gourd which is fragrant, tender, tasty and refreshing.